A holistic approach to the air quality of Konya City, Turkey


Creative Commons License

TAYANÇ M., Sezen I., Ünal A. , FLORES RANGEL R. M. , Karanfil S.

AIR QUALITY ATMOSPHERE AND HEALTH, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11869-022-01200-4
  • Title of Journal : AIR QUALITY ATMOSPHERE AND HEALTH
  • Keywords: Integrated air quality assessment, Emission sources, Air pollution meteorology, Konya City, TEMPORAL VARIATION, ISTANBUL

Abstract

Considering an integrated approach to assess all of the measured pollutants in a diurnal, monthly, seasonal, and annual time scales and understanding the mechanisms hidden under low air quality conditions are essential for tackling potential air pollution issues. Konya, located in central Anatolia, is the largest province of Turkey with a surface area of 40,838 km(2) and has different industrial activities. The lack of recent detailed studies limits our information on the underlying air pollution levels in Konya and obscuring policymakers to develop applicable mitigation measures. In this study, we used hourly monitored air quality data of CO, NO2, NOx, PM10, PM2.5, and SO2 from five stations in Konya and investigated the temporal and spatial variabilities for the 2008-2018 period via statistical analysis. Upon analysis, particulate matter was found to be the dominant pollutant deteriorating the air quality of Konya. The highest 2008-2018 periodic mean value of PM10 was found in Karatay Belediye as 70.5 mu g/m(3), followed by 67.4 mu g/m(3) in Meram, 58.7 mu g/m(3) in Selcuklu, and 43.7 mu g/m(3) in Selcuklu Belediye. The 24-h limit value of PM10 given as 50 mu g/m(3) in the legislation was violated in all of the stations, mainly during winter and autumn. High positive correlations were found among the stations, and the highest correlation was obtained between Selcuklu Belediye and Karatay Belediye with a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.77. Long-term data showed a decreasing trend in PM10 concentrations. Diurnal variability is found to be more pronounced than weekly variability. For almost all of the pollutants, except for photochemical pollutants like O-3, a prominent result was the nighttime and morning rush hours high-pollutant levels. A case study done for the January 29, 2018 to February 05, 2018 episode showed the importance of meteorology and topography on the high levels of pollution. Limitation of the pollutant transport and dilution by meteorological conditions and the location of Konya on a plain surrounded by high hills are believed to be the main reasons for having low air quality in the region.