A study of the effect of polystyrene sulfonation on the performance of terephthaloyl chloride-dihydroxydiphenyl sulfone copolymer/polystyrene system


Kahraman R., Kahn K., Ali S., Hamid S., Sahin A. Z.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE, vol.7, no.6, pp.739-746, 1998 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1361/105994998770347297
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.739-746
  • Keywords: composite, mechanical properties, polystyrene, sulfonation, LIQUID-CRYSTALLINE POLYMER, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITES, BLENDS, MORPHOLOGY, COPOLYESTER, POLYESTERS, POLYPROPYLENE, POLY(ETHYLENE-TEREPHTHALATE), POLYCARBONATE

Abstract

Thermal, morphological, and mechanical properties of composites of a liquid crystalline copolymer (LCP) poly(terephthaloyl chloride)-co-(p,p'-dihydroxydiphenyl sulfone) with polystyrene (PS) and sulfonated polystyrene (SPS) are presented and discussed. Sulfonation of polystyrene was expected to improve the interfacial adhesion by introducing hydrogen bonding in the LCP/PS system. The degree of sulfonation was 11 %. The incompatibility (lack of proper interfacial adhesion) of the LCP/PS system resulted in sharp decrease in the composite tensile strength with LCP addition. The performance of the system did not change when processed at a higher temperature (270 degrees C instead of 225 degrees C). While a composite plate of 25 % LCP/PS could not be fabricated, it was possible for LCP/SPS (processed at 215 degrees C), indicating some improvement in interfacial bonding by sulfonation, Sulfonation of PS resulted in fracture with some degree of plastic deformation for pure SPS matrix and also the LCP/SPS system with the lowest LCP content (1 wt %), whereas plastic deformation was not observed for PS used as received. The strength of the LCP/SPS system also decreased with increase in LCP content, indicating that 11 % sulfonation is not sufficient to introduce significant compatibility, but it was not as dramatic as that for LCP/PS. The performance of the LCP/SPS system was not affected significantly by heat treatment at the process temperature.