Droplet resonator based optofluidic microlasers

Kiraz A., Jonas A., Aas M., Karadag Y., Brzobohaty O., Jezek J., ...More

Conference on Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XVI, San-Francisco, Costa Rica, 3 - 06 February 2014, vol.8960 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 8960
  • Doi Number: 10.1117/12.2041447
  • City: San-Francisco
  • Country: Costa Rica
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


We introduce tunable optofluidic microlasers based on active optical resonant cavities formed by optically stretched, dye-doped emulsion droplets confined in a dual-beam optical trap. To achieve tunable dye lasing, optically pumped droplets of oil dispersed in water are stretched by light in the dual-beam trap. Subsequently, resonant path lengths of whispering gallery modes (WGMs) propagating in the droplet are modified, leading to shifts in the microlaser emission wavelengths. We also report lasing in airborne, Rhodamine B-doped glycerol-water droplets which were localized using optical tweezers. While being trapped near the focal point of an infrared laser, the droplets were pumped with a Q-switched green laser. Furthermore, biological lasing in droplets supported by a superhydrophobic surface is demonstrated using a solution of Venus variant of the yellow fluorescent protein or E. Coli bacterial cells expressing stably the Venus protein. Our results may lead to new ways of probing airborne particles, exploiting the high sensitivity of stimulated emission to small perturbations in the droplet laser cavity and the gain medium.