ACS Omega, vol.8, no.12, pp.11425-11432, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
Application of high intensity ultrasound (HIUS) for stabilization of olive oil in water emulsion with different dairy ingredients including sodium caseinate (NaCS) and whey protein isolate (WPI) was investigated. The emulsions were prepared by homogenization with a probe and then treated with either a second homogenization or HIUS at a different power level (20 and 50%) in pulsed or continuous mode for 2 min. The emulsion activity index (EAI), creaming index (CI), specific surface area (SSA), rheological properties, and droplet size of the samples were determined. The temperature of the sample rose when HIUS was applied in continuous mode and at increasing power level. HIUS treatment increased EAI and SSA of the emulsion and decreased droplet size and CI compared with those of the double-homogenized sample. Among the HIUS treatments, the highest EAI was found in the emulsion with NaCS that was treated at a power level of 50% in continuous mode, and the lowest one was obtained by HIUS applied at a power level of 20% in pulsed mode. SSA, droplet size, and span of the emulsion were not affected by HIUS parameters. Rheological properties of HIUS-treated emulsions were not different from those of the double-homogenized control sample. Continuous HIUS at 20% power level and pulsed HIUS at 50% power level reduced creaming in the emulsion after storage at a similar level. HIUS at a low power level or in pulsed mode can be preferred for heat sensitive materials.