Cross-Linked Supramolecular Polymer Based on Calix[4]pyrrole-Decorated Pillar[5]arene and Its Application in Micropollutant Removal

Ünlü F. Y., Aydoğan A.

ACS Applied Polymer Materials, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acsapm.3c01170
  • Journal Name: ACS Applied Polymer Materials
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex
  • Keywords: anion recognition, calix[4]pyrrole, cross-linked supramolecular polymer, micropollutant removal, pillar[5]arene
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A calix[4]pyrrole-decorated pillar[5]arene was synthesized via azide-alkyne “click” chemistry and used to prepare a cross-linked supramolecular polymer in chloroform based on the anion recognition ability of calix[4]pyrrole. Complexation experiments revealed that while one of the cross-linkers, terephthalate anion, was not able to form strong complexation, suberate anion was found to act as a suitable cross-linker. Supramolecular polymerization and performance of monomers were monitored with a combination of techniques including 1H-, diffusion-ordered 1H NMR spectroscopy experiments, viscosity, and SEM analyses. Thermo and competing anion responsiveness of the cross-linked supramolecular polymer were also shown by means of 1H-NMR analyses and viscosity measurements. Micropollutant removal ability of the cross-linked supramolecular polymer in solid and gel forms was also investigated by using methylene blue, methyl violet 2B, and rhodamine B as surrogate pollutants, and UV/Vis experiments revealed that while the solid form of the supramolecular polymer performs better in the case of methylene blue and methyl violet, its gel form provides slightly better removal efficiency for rhodamine B.