STPA methodology in a socio-technical system of monitoring and tracking diabetes mellitus

Baş E.

APPLIED ERGONOMICS, vol.89, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 89
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apergo.2020.103190
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CINAHL, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, an adaptation of the system-theoretic process analysis (STPA) approach to a sociotechnical system of monitoring and tracking diabetes mellitus (DM) is proposed. Several human controllers such as the patient, physicians, other healthcare providers, and people in the social environment were considered in the hierarchical safety control structure. During the identification of the causal factors (causal scenarios) for the unsafe control actions of the human controllers, the three-phase approach proposed by France (2017) as well as the interaction problems between the subsystems in the hierarchical safety control structure were considered, and the implementation of the basic safety design procedure was included in the methodology for the improvement of system. A dynamic STPA methodology is also proposed as an extension to the basic methodology.