Upper mantle dynamics of Bangladesh by splitting analysis of core-mantle refracted SKS, PKS, and SKKS phases

Tiwari A. K., Bhushan K., Eken T., Singh A.

PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS, vol.279, pp.21-32, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


New shear wave splitting measurements are obtained from the Bengal Basin using core-mantle refracted SKS, PKS, and SKKS phases. The splitting parameters, namely time delays (delta t) and fast polarization directions (phi), were estimated through analysis of 54 high-quality waveforms (>= 2.5 signal to noise ratio) from 30 earthquakes with magnitude >= 5.5 recorded at ten seismic stations deployed over Bangladesh. No evidence of splitting was found, which indicates azimuthal isotropy beneath the region. These null measurements can be explained by either vertically dipping anisotropic fast axes or by the presence of multiple horizontal anisotropic layers with different fast polarization directions, where the combined effect results in a null characterization. The anisotropic fabric preserved from rifting episodes of Antarctica and India, subduction-related dynamics of the Indo-Burmese convergence zone, and northward movement of the Indian plate creating shear at the base of the lithosphere can explain the observed null measurements. The combined effect of all these most likely results in a strong vertical anisotropic heterogeneity, creating the observed null results.