Investigation of the Acoustic and Mechanical Properties of Homogenous and Hybrid Jute and Luffa Bio Composites

Saygılı Y. , GENÇ G., Şanlıtürk K. Y. , KÖRÜK H.

JOURNAL OF NATURAL FIBERS, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


Design and development of new biomaterials has become a necessity due to adverse effects of chemical materials on people and nature. As the mechanical properties of biomaterials are not as good as those of chemical materials, their different configurations should be developed and tested before considering them for practical applications. Acoustic and mechanical properties of homogenous and hybrid jute and luffa biocomposites are investigated here. Homogenous and hybrid composites using jute and luffa fibers and epoxy are designed and manufactured and methods for identification of the acoustic and mechanical properties are summarized. Acoustic and structural frequency response functions are measured using homogenous and hybrid composite plates to determine their natural frequencies and loss factors. Using the experimental modal parameters of the plates and their theoretical models, elasticity moduli of biomaterials are determined. The acoustic absorption properties and transmission losses of homogeneous and hybrid composites are determined using impedance tube method. Results show that homogenous and hybrid jute and luffa composites can have moderate absorption coefficients (0.1 for a thickness of 4 mm) and superior damping performance of luffa and stiffness property of jute can be used together to produce hybrid composites with high damping (2.2-2.6%) and elasticity modulus (3-5 GPa).