Inter-vendor performance of deep learning in segmenting acute ischemic lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging: a multicenter study


ALİS D. C. , Yergin M., ALİŞ C., Topel C., Asmakutlu O., Bagcilar O., ...More

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol.11, no.1, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/s41598-021-91467-x
  • Title of Journal : SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

Abstract

There is little evidence on the applicability of deep learning (DL) in the segmentation of acute ischemic lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners of different manufacturers. We retrospectively included DWI data of patients with acute ischemic lesions from six centers. Dataset A (n = 2986) and B (n = 3951) included data from Siemens and GE MRI scanners, respectively. The datasets were split into the training (80%), validation (10%), and internal test (10%) sets, and six neuroradiologists created ground-truth masks. Models A and B were the proposed neural networks trained on datasets A and B. The models subsequently fine-tuned across the datasets using their validation data. Another radiologist performed the segmentation on the test sets for comparisons. The median Dice scores of models A and B were 0.858 and 0.857 for the internal tests, which were non-inferior to the radiologist's performance, but demonstrated lower performance than the radiologist on the external tests. Fine-tuned models A and B achieved median Dice scores of 0.832 and 0.846, which were non-inferior to the radiologist's performance on the external tests. The present work shows that the inter-vendor operability of deep learning for the segmentation of ischemic lesions on DWI might be enhanced via transfer learning; thereby, their clinical applicability and generalizability could be improved.