In this article, the long-term filtration performance of recycled asphalt pavement material (RAP), one of the types of construction/demolition (C&D) waste, is investigated when used as a filter material in highway drainage systems. Long-term filtration tests (LFT) were carried out in the ASTM 5101 experimental setup, which was redesigned and manufactured in order to determine the permeability behavior of the drainage system consisting of recycled asphalt and geotextile. With the usage of modified ASTM 5101 test setup, potential clogging mechanisms that may occur, and the change in grain size distribution of the material with respect to time and flow direction were determined. The long-term filtration test program aims to prove that recycled asphalt material could be used instead of natural filter materials particularly in the construction of highway drainage systems. The recovery of this material by reusing it will, eliminate the storage problem, prevent environmental pollution and make a contribution in terms of sustainable material management (SMM) in geotechnical engineering applications. In the study, the long-term filtration behavior of the drainage system consisting of aggregate and geotextile was investigated in the modified ASTM 5101 test system. The gradient ratio (GR) and the permeability ratio (KR) were determined in the long-term filtration experiments performed under different hydraulic gradients, which define the clogging performance of the aggregate/geotextile system. Recycled asphalt aggregate and natural aggregate (NA) were used to evaluate the filtration performance of aggregates. A non-woven geotextile material with a pore opening to represent the worst conditions in terms of clogging was selected considering its hydraulic and physical properties. The results of the long term filtration tests indicate that the performance of the recycled asphalt material is comparable to the natural aggregate. Additionaly with controlled bitumen content, it can be used as an aggregate material in highway drainage systems in terms of filtration properties, thus contributing to sustainable material management. Therefore, with the re-use of RAP as a filter material in highway drainage systems a contribution to the protection of environment could be achieved.