Geochemical evidence of oceanic iron fertilization by the Kasatochi volcanic eruption in 2008 and the potential impacts on Pacific sockeye salmon


Olgun N. , DUGGEN S., LANGMANN B., HORT M., WAYTHOMAS C. F. , HOFFMANN L., ...Daha Fazla

MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, cilt.488, ss.81-88, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 488
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3354/meps10403
  • Dergi Adı: MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.81-88

Özet

The Kasatochi volcanic eruption that occurred in the central Aleutian Islands in Alaska, USA, in August 2008 is thought to have induced a massive diatom bloom in the iron-limited waters of the Gulf of Alaska, which potentially affected the oceanic food web by increasing the abundance of zooplankton and sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka in the northeast Pacific Ocean. We report the first seawater experiments involving volcanic ash ejected from the Kasatochi eruption, showing that the ash released 61 to 83 nmol Fe, 374 to 410 nmol NO3-, 5 to 6 nmol PO43- and 170 to 585 nmol SiO2 when it contacted seawater. Our study suggests that the amount of iron released from Kasatochi ash (an increase of 2.0 to 2.8 nM Fe) was indeed sufficient to cause the observed phytoplankton bloom in the northeastern Pacific Gyre, while the impact of macronutrient release was minimal. We further evaluated the multiple, interdependent processes in the oceanic food web related to the diatom bloom, involving the ocean survival of juvenile salmon that entered the northeast Pacific Ocean in the summer of 2008.