Ruthenium-Imine catalyzed KBH4 hydrolysis as an efficient hydrogen production system


Kilinc D., Sahin Ö.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.46, no.40, pp.20984-20994, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 40
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.03.236
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.20984-20994
  • Keywords: Ru complex, KBH4 hydrolysis, Catalyst, Hydrogen, AQUEOUS AMMONIA-BORANE, SODIUM-BOROHYDRIDE, BASE COMPLEX, SCHIFF-BASES, GENERATION, STORAGE, NANOPARTICLES, EVOLUTION, FUEL, CU

Abstract

The present study focused on the increasing of hydrogen evolution through hydrolysis of potassium borohydride in the presence of Ruthenium complex catalyst. It is the first time to use the Ru-Imine complex catalyst in KBH4 hydrolysis reaction to hydrogen evolution. The new Ru complex was synthesized from the tetradentate Imine ligand namely 4,4'-methylenebis (2,6-diethyl)aniline-3,5-di- tert-butylsalisylaldimine and Ru salt under the inert atmosphere. Ru-Imine complex was fully characterized by Elemental Analysis, Infrared Spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscope, X-Ray Diffraction Analysis, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller Surface Area Analysis and Transmission Electron Microscopy. By the synthesized Ru-Imine complex catalyst, the potassium borohydride hydrolysis reaction resulted in a lower energy barrier with 20,826 kJ/mol activation energy (Ea) for nth order kinetic model and 18,045 kJ/mol for Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) kinetic model. According to the results Ru-complex was highly active and stable catalyst in KBH4 hydrolysis reaction to hydrogen evolution with 45,466 mL H-2/gcat.min and 76,815 mL H-2/gcat.min hydrogen generation rates at 30 degrees C and 50 degrees C respectively. Moreover Ru-Imine complex catalyst displayed 100% stability even at fifth recycle. (C) 2021 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.