2022 IEEE International Conference on Electrical, Computer, and Energy Technologies, ICECET 2022, Prague, Czech Republic, 20 - 22 July 2022
© 2022 IEEE.Agricultural lands which are in the Czech Republic were considerably influenced by collectivization after the WW II. During the uniting of farmlands landscape elements such as baulks, groves and shrubberies were eliminated. Therefore, one of the largest land parcels in Europe can be found in the Czech Republic. Consequently, the landscape has become vulnerable, the ecological stability has been damaged, the susceptibility to water erosion has increased, soil organic matter has been lost, and biodiversity and microclimate were significantly affected. Czech Ministry of Agriculture recently applied a new standard of good agricultural and environmental conditions (GAEC) related to the Cross Compliance. A continuous area of single crop is limited up to 30 ha since January 2020. In this study, changes of soil temperature and moisture regime were examined by using Landsat S OLI (Operational Land Imager) and TIRS (Thermal Infrared Sensor) satellite data after the new GAEC standard applied on land parcels in South Bohemia. Correlation between Normalized Difference Vegetation index (NDVI), Soil Moisture Index (SMI) and Land Surface Temperature (LST) were evaluated over years 2019 and 2020 and differences between the two years were compared.