Effects of mortar compressive strength on out of plane response of unreinforced masonry walls

Sorkhab A. P., Küçük M., Sarı A.

REVISTA DE LA CONSTRUCCION, vol.20, no.2, pp.371-381, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.7764/rdlc.20.2.371
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.371-381
  • Keywords: lateral hollow clay bricks, infill walls, out-of-plane loadings, mortar compressive strength, experimental OOP test, INFILL WALLS, BEHAVIOR, FRAMES
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the out-of-plane response of infill walls that are widely used in Turkey and the surrounding regions were experimentally investigated. Several out-of-plane wall tests were performed in the laboratory, with the walls specimens produced with lateral hollow clay bricks (LHCB) and different mortar qualities. The walls were tested in their out-of-plane (OOP) direction under static load conditions and evaluated based on the load bearing and energy dissipation capacities, crack propagations, mortar strengths, and initial stiffnesses. These walls are experimentally investigated to understand the effects of the mortar strength on the infill wall structural behaviors and to assess the effectiveness of the out-of-plane strength formulations. It was found that when the mortar strength is low, the first major crack occurs at the mortar, however, because of the arch mechanism efficiency in this situation the OOP load-carrying and energy dissipation capacities of unreinforced walls can be significantly increased. When the first major crack in the wall occurs in the brick itself, the arc mechanism is provided with delicate sections in the brick, which leads to strength decreasing in the walls. In this case, excessive deviations occur in the out-of-plane strength formulations estimates. This study shows that the arc mechanism, the damage start region and progress can change significantly unreinforced masonry (URM) infill walls behaviors.