SURFACE MODIFICATION OF Fe3O4 NANOPARTICLES FOR PREPARING STABLE WATER-BASED NANOFLUIDS


Mandev E., MANAY E., Rahimpour S., Mohammadzadeh A., Şahin B., Afshari F., ...More

HEAT TRANSFER RESEARCH, vol.53, no.18, pp.39-55, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 18
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: HEAT TRANSFER RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.39-55
  • Keywords: nanofluid stability, Fe3O4, surface modification, thermal conductivity, viscosity, PLATE HEAT-EXCHANGER, STABILITY, SUSPENSIONS, VISCOSITY, FLOW
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Nanofluids are known as suspension of nanoparticles in a base fluid having improved thermophysical properties, which can be used in different applications. Nanofluid stability has an important role in its thermophysical properties which can highly affect the performance of the energy systems. In the literature, thermal performances of nanofluids and heat transfer improvement studies are generally emphasized in heat exchangers and energy systems. However, the stability of nanofluids is critical for these systems. It is possible to prepare more stable nanofluids and extend the lifetime of nanofluids by performing surface modifications to nanoparticles. In this regard, the modification process method has been presented for Fe(3)O(4 )particles by examining effects of different modification processes on stability and thermophysical properties. The modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles are used to prepare water-based nanofluids with superior stability. Relevant analyses including FT-IR, XRD, EDX, TEM, and SEM analyses were performed to evaluate the properties of the synthesized nanoparticles and prepared nanofluids. Subsequently, the nanofluids with a volume concentration of 0.2% were prepared. The viscosity and thermal conductivity of samples were measured at temperatures between 20 degrees C and 60 degrees C to find out the effect of surface modification. Considering all performed analyses Fe3O4@SiO2-mix-(CH2)(3)Cl@imidazole-water nanofluid has been proposed with superior stability.