Evidence of a Griffiths phase in a mixed compound of YFe2 and YFe3

Oner Y., Guler A.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, vol.113, no.17, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 113 Issue: 17
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.4798623
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Experimental evidence of a Griffiths phase is still a challenging topic in condensed matter physics. We show that a mixed compound of YFe2 and YFe3 is an archetype example of Griffiths-like behavior. We report magnetization measurements carried out on the intermetallic mixed compound of YFe2 and YFe3 in the temperature range of 10-1000 K and using magnetic fields up to 23 T. The low-field dc magnetic susceptibility (chi = M/H) showed a thermomagnetic irreversibility effect below the Curie temperatures, T-C = 526 K for YFe3 and T-C = 545 K for YFe2. Specifically, we found that upon field-cooling (FC), the magnetization increased gradually with decreasing temperature and then reached a saturation value at a critical temperature. In contrast, the zero-FC measurements showed a much more complicated behavior. This behavior has been interpreted in terms of two canted sublattices coupled ferromagnetically. Furthermore, for temperatures above T-C, the inverse susceptibility, chi(-1), shows a clear downturn, exhibiting non-universal behavior for magnetic fields up to 1 T. This anomaly is characteristic of non-universal Griffiths like behavior. Using the equation for the magnetic susceptibility for the Griffiths phase, chi(-1) = C(T - T-CM)(1-lambda), we obtained the non-universal prefactor exponent, lambda, and the other fitting parameter for each measuring field. The isothermal magnetization curve at Curie temperature, T-C = 545 K obeys perfectly M similar to H-alpha, from which the critical exponent alpha = 1/delta is determined accurately. All these results closely follow the predictions for Griffiths phase. In our scenerio, the YFe3 regions (T-C = 526 K) distributed homogeneously in the matrix are quenched by the demagnetizing fields of YFe2 (T-C = 545 K) as the temperature increases, leading to ordered Fe regions, which in turn cause the Griffiths effect. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics.