Fused and Modified Evolutionary Optimization of Multiple Intelligent Systems Using ANN, SVM Approaches

Al-bayati J. S. H., Üstündağ B. B.

CMC-COMPUTERS MATERIALS & CONTINUA, vol.66, no.2, pp.1479-1496, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.32604/cmc.2020.013329
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1479-1496
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The Fused Modified Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm has been proposed, which selects the most specific feature sets from images of the disease of plant leaves. The Proposed algorithm ensures the detection of diseases during the early stages of the diagnosis of leaf disease by farmers and, finally, the crop needed to be controlled by farmers to ensure the survival and protection of plants. In this study, a novel approach has been suggested based on the standard optimization algorithm for grasshopper and the selection of features. Leaf conditions in plants are a major factor in reducing crop yield and quality. Any delay or errors in the diagnosis of the disease can lead to delays in the management of plant disease spreading and damage and related material losses. Comparative new heuristic optimization of swarm intelligence, Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm was inspired by grasshopper movements for their feeding strategy. It simulates the attitude and social interaction of grasshopper swarm in terms of gravity and wind advection. In the decision on features extracted by an accelerated feature selection algorithm, popular approaches such as ANN and SVM classifiers had been used. For the evaluation of the proposed model, different data sets of plant leaves were used. The proposed model was successful in the diagnosis of the diseases of leaves the plant with an accuracy of 99.41 percent (average). The proposed biologically inspired model was sufficiently satisfied, and the best or most desirable characteristics were established. Finally, the results of the research for these data sets were estimated by the proposed Fused Modified Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm (FMGOA). The results of that experiment were demonstrated to allow classification models to reduce input features and thus to increase the precision with the presented Modified Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm. Measurement and analysis were performed to prove the model validity through model parameters such as precision, recall, f-measure, and precision.