This paper focuses on ways in which space is being used to build capacity in science and technology in order to:
Offer increasing support for national and global solutions to current and emerging problems including: how to improve food security; resource management; understanding the impacts of climate change and how to deal with them; improving disaster mitigation, management and response.
Support sustainable economic development.
We present some of the experiences, lessons learned and benefits gained in capacity building projects undertaken by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. and our partners from developing and mature space nations. We focus on the Turkish, Algerian and Nigerian know-how and technology transfer programmes which form part of the first Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC) in orbit.
From the lessons learned on Surrey's know-how and technology transfer partnership programmes, it is clear that space technology needs to be implemented responsibly as part of a long-term capacity building plan to be a sustainable one. It needs to be supported with appropriate policy and legal frameworks, institutional development, including community participation, human resources development and strengthening of managerial systems.
In taking this on board, DMC has resulted in a strong international partnership combining national objectives, humanitarian aid and commerce. The benefits include:
Ownership of space-based and supporting ground assets with low capital expenditure that is in line with national budgets of developing nations.
Ownership of data and control over data acquisition.
More for the money via collaborative consortium.
Space related capacity building in organisations and nations with the goal of sustainable development.
Opportunities for international collaboration, including disaster management and relief. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of COSPAR.