A Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Based Biosensor for Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopic Analysis


UTKU F. S. , Ozdemir O. E. , Bakay M. S.

ELECTRICA, vol.18, no.1, pp.39-44, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/iujeee.2018.1807
  • Title of Journal : ELECTRICA
  • Page Numbers: pp.39-44

Abstract

A molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP)-based impedimetric biosensor was developed for the electrochemical analysis of low-weight biological molecules. Synthetic polymeric matrices with specific and selective recognition sites, which are complementary to the shapes and sizes of the functional groups of a na lytes, can be prepared using the molecular imprinting method. In this study, a small molecule, tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (IRIS), was used to coat a graphite pencil tip with a TRIS-containing polyacrylamide gel to fabricate a working electrode.The electrode modification and performance were evaluated using cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.The electrochemical properties of the modified electrodes were observed using an electrochemical cell comprising a Ag/AgCl reference electrode, a Pt wire as the counter electrode, and a pencil graphite tip as the working electrode using a redox-phosphate buffer solution with different concentrations of TRIS and Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA).The I-V and impedance performance of the chemically modified graphite pencil-tip electrodes exhibited decreased conductance and increased impedance correlating with the increase in IRIS concentration.Thus, MIP-based small-molecule biosensor prototypes can be promising economical replacements over other expensive sensors.