Additive vs. image dependent DWT-DCT based watermarking


Emek S., Pazarci M.

MULTIMEDIA CONTENT REPRESENTATION, CLASSIFICATION AND SECURITY, vol.4105, pp.98-105, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4105
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Journal Name: MULTIMEDIA CONTENT REPRESENTATION, CLASSIFICATION AND SECURITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, EMBASE, MathSciNet, Philosopher's Index, zbMATH
  • Page Numbers: pp.98-105
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No

Abstract

We compare our earlier additive and image dependent watermarking schemes for digital images and videos. Both schemes employ DWT followed by DCT. Pseudo-random watermark values are added to mid-frequency DWT-DCT coefficients in the additive scheme. In the image dependent scheme, the watermarking coefficients are modulated with original mid-frequency DWT-DCT coefficients to increase the efficiency of the watermark embedding. Schemes are compared to each other and comparison results including Stirmark 3.1 benchmark tests are presented.