BIM-based facility management models for existing buildings


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Soliman K., Naji K., Gunduz M., TOKDEMİR O. B. , Faqih F., Zayed T.

Journal of Engineering Research (Kuwait), vol.10, no.1, pp.21-37, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.36909/jer.11433
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Engineering Research (Kuwait)
  • Page Numbers: pp.21-37
  • Keywords: 3D laser scanning, Building engineering, Building information modeling, Building management system, Facility management, Unmanned aerial vehicles UAVs

Abstract

© 2022 University of Kuwait. All rights reserved.Building Information Modeling (BIM) is mainly used for the design and construction of new buildings. However, one of the main challenges facing BIM adoption for existing or old buildings constructed without consideration for their modeling is obtaining raw and accurate building data and converting it to the BIM model. Based on this challenge, this study develops a framework that uses different data capture techniques for existing buildings and then transforms this captured data into 3D BIM models, through which it can improve its management processes as facilities during their service life. Specifically, 3D laser scanning techniques were used to capture indoor building data, while drones equipped with high-definition cameras (UAV) were used to capture outdoor building data such as geometric dimensions, material shapes, surfaces, and various shapes. Then, the captured data was converted into a high-resolution 3D model. This has verified the accuracy of this engineering model by converting the two-dimensional engineering plans to three-dimensional through the well-known engineering design tools. Moreover, the 3D model has been integrated with the Web Based Building Management System (BMS) platform. This research framework helps in developing engineering facility management processes and modern digital transformation processes that aim at speeding up facility management during their service period using modern technologies. This study aims to develop current knowledge in the construction industry and facility management by reviewing a comprehensive understanding of how to use modern technologies to obtain various information to develop BIM models for existing and nonmodeled buildings in order to exploit and integrate them with advanced facility management systems and platforms, which constitutes a major progress in this field allowing to save a lot of effort and money in the future.