Dielectric, FTIR Spectroscopic and Atomic Force Microscopic Studies on Polypyrrole-poly(acrylonitrile-co-vinyl acetate) Composites


Cetiner S., KALAOGLU F., Karakaş H., SARAC A. S.

POLYMER COMPOSITES, vol.32, no.4, pp.546-557, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pc.21075
  • Journal Name: POLYMER COMPOSITES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.546-557
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, Poly(acrylonitrile-co-vinyl acetate) [P(AN-co-VAc)] composite films were fabricated by chemical polymerization of pyrrole (Py) with cerium(IV) (Ce(IV)) on P(AN-co-VAc) matrix. The effect of amount of Py and temperature on the composite film properties was studied in a frequency range starting from 0.05 Hz to 10 MHz and in a temperature range from 0 to 250 degrees C. The electric modulus provides a good description of the dielectric relaxation of the conducting polymer composites. The atomic force microscopy images of the polypyrrole (PPy)-P(AN-co-VAc) composites show the polymerization of Py on P(AN-co-VAc) matrix producing different sized grainy orientations resulting in higher conductivity values that increase with average grain size. The real [(epsilon') or epsilon'(omega)] and imaginary [(epsilon '') or epsilon ''(omega)] parts of the permittivity of PPy-P(AN-co-VAc) composite were comparatively higher than PPy-Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and P(AN-co-VAc). It was also seen that the conductivity of PPy-P(AN-co-VAc) composite was considerably higher than PPy- PAN and P(AN-co-VAc) itself. POLYM. COMPOS., 32: 546-557, 2011. (C) 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers