A System Architecture for Efficient Transmission of Massive DNA Sequencing Data

Sagiroglu M. S., Kuelekc M. O.

JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY, vol.24, no.11, pp.1081-1088, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/cmb.2017.0016
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1081-1088
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The DNA sequencing data analysis pipelines require significant computational resources. In that sense, cloud computing infrastructures appear as a natural choice for this processing. However, the first practical difficulty in reaching the cloud computing services is the transmission of the massive DNA sequencing data from where they are produced to where they will be processed. The daily practice here begins with compressing the data in FASTQ file format, and then sending these data via fast data transmission protocols. In this study, we address the weaknesses in that daily practice and present a new system architecture that incorporates the computational resources available on the client side while dynamically adapting itself to the available bandwidth. Our proposal considers the real-life scenarios, where the bandwidth of the connection between the parties may fluctuate, and also the computing power on the client side may be of any size ranging from moderate personal computers to powerful workstations. The proposed architecture aims at utilizing both the communication bandwidth and the computing resources for satisfying the ultimate goal of reaching the results as early as possible. We present a prototype implementation of the proposed architecture, and analyze several real-life cases, which provide useful insights for the sequencing centers, especially on deciding when to use a cloud service and in what conditions.