Surface morphology, growth rate and quality of diamond films synthesized in hot filament CVD system under various methane concentrations

Ali M., Ürgen M. K.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, vol.257, no.20, pp.8420-8426, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 257 Issue: 20
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.04.097
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.8420-8426
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Hot filament chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique has been used to deposit diamond films on silicon substrate. In the present study, diamond films were grown at various vol.% CH(4) in H(2) from 0.5% to 3.5%, at substrate temperature and pressure of 850 degrees C and 80 torr, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy were employed to analyze the properties of deposited films. The formation of methyl radicals as a function of vol.% CH(4) not only changes film morphology but also increase film growth rate. At low, intermediate and high vol.% CH(4), cluster, faceted cubes and pyramidal features growth, were dominant. By increasing vol.% CH(4) from 0.5% to 3.5%, as the growth rate improved from similar to 0.25 mu m/h to similar to 2.0 mu m/h. Raman studies features revealed high purity diamond films at intermediate range of vol.% CH(4) and grain density increased by increasing CH(4) concentration. The present study represents experimentally surface morphology, growth rate and quality of diamond films grown in hot filament CVD system at various CH(4) concentrations. (C) 2011 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.