Clay mineralogy and chemistry of halloysite and alunite deposits in the Turplu area, Balikesir, Turkey

Ece O. I., Schroeder P. A.

CLAYS AND CLAY MINERALS, vol.55, no.1, pp.18-35, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1346/ccmn.2007.0550102
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.18-35
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


A field-mapping and crystal-chemical study of two alunite- and halloysite-rich deposits in the Turplu area, situated northwest of Balikesir on the Biga Peninsula of northwest Turkey reveals a mineralogically diverse and a potentially economic clay deposit. The mineral assemblage along fault zones is dominated by hallo site and sometimes alunite. The alunite is nearly end-member in composition (a = 6.995 angstrom, c = 17.195 angstrom) often occurring with a minor Ca phosphate phase. Of the two deposits studied, the more northerly mine contains more alunite relative to halloysite. Geochemical alteration indices suggest that the northern mine has experienced a slightly greater degree of hydrothermal modification. Halloysite is found in both hydrated and dehydrated states and assumes a tubular morphology. Observations by transmission and scanning electron microscopy are consistent with a model of halloysite dehydration, where the shapes transform from an open-hole tubular morphology to a closed-hole unfurled morphology.