Ar-40-Ar-39 dating and petrology of monzonite ejecta in tephra from Quaternary Golcuk volcano (Isparta, SW Turkey): tear-related contrasting metasomatic symptoms in extensional mantle-derived magmas


ÇOBAN H., Topuz G. , Roden M. F. , Nguyen Hoang N. H. , Schwarz W. H.

LITHOS, cilt.330, ss.160-176, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

Eruption of (74-26 ka old) pyroclastic (pumice fall) flow deposits of the Quaternary Golcuk volcano, Isparta, SW Turkey, carried a cargo of Western Anatolian's youngest monzonitic-syenitic ejecta, Ar-40-Ar-39 hornblende ages range 313+64-268+43 ka, and indicate that a shallow level felsic plutonic complex existed underneath the crater. These ejecta represent some of the youngest plutonic rocks known. The cooling time of this complex was coeval with the earlier main pyroclastic flow deposits (440 - 148 ka) of the multi-cycle eruptive center which also had a long-lived magma chamber. The monzosyenite ejecta contain plagioclase, K-feldspar, clinopyroxene, amphibole, mica, and accessory apatite, titanite and magnetite. In terms of Nb-Y-3Ga and Nb-Y-Ce, the ejecta, with strong shoshonitic affinity, plot in the field of A(1) subtype granites, and represent A(1)-type magma generation in a back-arc extensional setting. Low Sr and high Nd isotopic ratios of monzosyenites exhibit isotopic similarity to enriched mantle-derived Golcilk-Isparta shoshonitic-ultrapotassic magmas. REE patterns show no significant Eu anomaly, but a strong enrichment of the LREE over the HREE. In multi-element diagrams, however, all samples have negative anomalies of Nb_Ta, Zr_Hf, P and Ti and strong enrichments of Ba, Sr, U, and Th. Moreover, variable (Hf/Sm) N and low (Ta/La) N ratios reflect subduction-related metasomatism in their mantle source. Golcuk monzosyenites and shoshonitic-ultrapotassic rocks overlap with mantle-derived A(1)-type alkali syenites in trace element abundances. This observation suggests that not only subduction-related fluids/melts, but also intraplate sublithospheric metasomatic agents played a crucial role on their mantle source. It is contended that, due to the percolation of both sublithospheric alkali silicate- and subduction-released-melts/fluids, the metasomatized mantle-derived parental magmas may illustrate a chemical paradox, carrying geochemical imprints of genetically distinct types of mantle sources. Such a metasomatic component in continental lithosphere defined in the genesis of Golcuk monzonitic/syenitic magmas can be explained by tearing of the African oceanic slab during Miocene, where slab-derived and intraplate melts/fluids concurrently modified the lithospheric mantle. Metasomatism of wall-rock peridotites occurred prior to the generation of Golcuk magmas during Miocene slab-tearing. Plio-Quaternary Walk potassic magmas were possibly derived from partial melting of carbonated mantle metasomes under an extensional tectonic regime. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.