Investigation of the Separation Distance for Preventing Seismic Effects on Reinforced Concrete Buildings

İbrahimağaoğlu T., Yanık A.

The 8th International conference on Structural Engineering and Concrete Technology (ICSECT 2023), Lisbon, Portugal, 29 - 31 March 2023, pp.1-8

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Lisbon
  • Country: Portugal
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-8
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, the importance of leaving a separation (earthquake joint) distance in the design against structural movements and the damages caused by earthquakes were examined. Possible collision and pounding scenarios between adjacent buildings that can occur through various combinations were presented by the help of figures. The consequences that may arise if necessary precautions are not taken were explained. Two adjacent buildings with different story heights and dynamic characteristics were modelled separately with ETABS software in accordance with Turkish Seismic Code (TBDY-18). In addition, earthquake analysis was performed. The building models consisted of two adjacent blocks. During the design reinforced concrete columns with beam slab system were modelled as structural members. Reinforced concrete columns and beams were implemented to the system as frame elements. It was clearly seen that the results obtained with the empirical formulas specified in the regulations and the results of the detailed analysis are not matching with each other.