Recent Advances in Nanocomposite Membranes for Organic Compound Remediation from Potable Waters


Cosme J. R. A., Castro-Muñoz R., Vatanpour Sargheın V.

ChemBioEng Reviews, vol.10, no.2, pp.112-132, 2023 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cben.202200017
  • Journal Name: ChemBioEng Reviews
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.112-132
  • Keywords: Nanocomposite membranes, Organic compounds uptake, Pollutants, Potable water
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.Water treatment is one of the main approaches for producing drinking water from contaminated water sources which is challenging due to the presence of a variety of substances requiring removal. The fabrication of nanocomposite membranes relies either on filling nanomaterials into polymeric phases before membrane fabrication, or coating of nanomaterials on the fabricated membrane surface. The removal of organic compounds from potable waters requires processes such as microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, and reverse osmosis. Since most nanomaterials display interesting organic compound uptakes from aqueous systems, nanocomposite membranes have been tested in the removal of various substances from potable waters. Currently, many membrane processes necessitate more advanced and well-designed selective barriers that may guarantee both permeation and separation efficiency. The progresses and breakthroughs on nanocomposite membranes in remediating potable waters are reported, highlighting novel composite formulations and emphasizing recent advances and outcomes in the field.