In this article, mechanics of boring process on cast iron automotive engine cylinders is explored experimentally. In order to shorten the boring cycle time and to improve quality of the cylinder holes, effects of various cutting conditions as spindle speed, feedrate, inserts, and coatings are investigated. Real-time cutting forces are measured with dynamometer during the process. Surface roughness on the engine cylinders, flank, and crater tool wears are measured and compared in various cutting conditions. It is concluded that by selecting proper cutting conditions, cutting forces can be controlled below a threshold value, cycle time can be shortened, tool life and part quality can be increased; therefore, the cost of automotive engine boring process can be reduced significantly.