ATRP of amphiphilic graft copolymers based on PVDF and their use as membrane additives

Hester J., BANERJEE P., WON Y., AKTHAKUL A., Acar M. H. , MAYES A.

MACROMOLECULES, vol.35, no.20, pp.7652-7661, 2002 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 20
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/ma0122270
  • Journal Name: MACROMOLECULES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.7652-7661


The direct preparation of amphiphilic graft copolymers from commercial poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) using atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) is demonstrated. Here, direct initiation of the secondary fluorinated site of PVDF facilitates grafting of the hydrophilic comonomer. Amphiphilic comb copolymer derivatives of PVDF having poly(methacrylic acid) side chains (PVDF-g-PMAA) and poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) side chains (PVDF-g-POEM) are prepared using this method. Surface segregation of PVDF-g-POEM additives in PVDF is examined as a route to wettable, foul-resistant surfaces on PVDF filtration membranes. Because of surface segregation during the standard immersion precipitation process for membrane fabrication, a PVDF/5 wt % PVDF-g-POEM membrane, having a bulk POEM concentration of 3.4 wt %, exhibits a near-surface POEM concentration of 42 wt % as measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). This membrane displays substantial resistance to BSA fouling compared with pure PVDF and wets spontaneously when placed in contact with water.