Optical absorption and emission properties of Nd3+ in TeO2-WO3 and TeO2-WO3-CdO glasses

Bilir G., OZEN G.

PHYSICA B-CONDENSED MATTER, vol.406, no.21, pp.4007-4013, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 406 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.physb.2011.07.010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4007-4013
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Effects of WO3 and CdO on the spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ doped tellurite glasses were investigated. The optical band gaps and Urbach energies of the samples were determined using the dependence of the absorption coefficient on the photon energy. The Urbach energies were found to vary from 0.18 to 0.25 eV as the WO3 content in the binary glasses decreased from 20.0 to 10.0 mol% while the optical band gap of the same glasses did not show an appreciable dependence on the glass composition. Judd-Ofelt (Omega(t)) parameters were calculated from the optical absorption spectra measured at room temperature. In all the glasses the J-O parameters follow the same trend as Omega(2)>Omega(6)>Omega(4). The J-O intensity parameters were used to compute the radiative properties such as the radiative transition probabilities (A(ed)), branching ratios (beta) and radiative lifetimes (tau(r)) for all the possible fluorescence bands. The fluorescence spectra obtained upon 805.2 nm excitation exhibited an intense emission band centered at 1064 nm (F-4(3/2)-> I-4(11/2)) and two weak bands at 910 nm (F-4(3/ 2)-> I-4(9/2)), and 1340 nm (F-4(3/2)-> I-4(13/2)). The stimulated emission cross-section for the 1064 nm emission was determined using the emission spectra. The highest gain bandwidth (sigma(e) x Delta lambda(p)) was determined to be 155.4 for the 0.79TeO(2)-0.15WO(3)-0.05CdO ternary glass composition, which could be more useful as promising material for the design and development of fiber amplifiers and lasers. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.