Phthalocyanines as sensitive materials for chemical sensors

Zhou R., Josse F., Gopel W., Ozturk Z., Bekaroglu O.

APPLIED ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY, vol.10, no.8, pp.557-577, 1996 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.557-577
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


This paper provides a review of phthalocyanines suitable for the development of chemical sensors. Phthalocyanines may be utilized for different types of chemical sensors, including in particular electronic conductance sensors [such as semiconductive, field-effect transistor (FET), solid-state ionic and capacitance sensors], mass-sensitive sensors utilizing a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and surface acoustic-wave (SAW) sensors, and optical sensors. The phthalocyanines used are discussed in terms of their physical and chemical properties, as well as their sensitivity, selectivity and reversibility towards the detection of NO, and organic solvent vapours, The interaction mechanism between phthalocyanine films and analyte molecules is also discussed.