Microstructural and physical properties of W-1 wt.% Ni matrix composites reinforced with Y2O3 and TiB2 particles produced via mechanical alloying and sintering at 1400 degrees C for 1 h under Ar, H-2 gas flowing conditions were investigated. XRD patterns of the sintered samples revealed the presence of W, Ni and TiB2 phases, whereas W2B and NiTi phases were detected in the samples containing 4 wt.% and 5 wt.% TiB2. Relative density value of W-1 wt.% Ni sample was measured as 97%, which decreased to 95.4% with the addition of 0.5 wt.% Y2O3. Relative density values varied between 95.4% and 97.3% for the sintered samples containing varying TiB2 between 1 wt.% and 5 wt.%. Average W grain size in the sintered samples decreased with the addition of Y2O3 and TiB2 particles, from 5.38 mu m in the W-1 wt.% Ni sample to 0.8 mu m in the W-1 wt.% Ni sample containing 0.5 wt.% Y2O3 and 5 wt.% TiB2 particles. Vickers microhardness values varied between 4.53 GPa and 8.54 GPa. The sample with the composition of W-1 wt.% Ni/0.5 wt.% Y2O3 and 5 wt.% TiB2 had a relative density value of about 95.7% and hardness value of 8.54 GPa after sintering at 1400 degrees C for 1 h. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.