Purpose - The purpose of the research was as follows. In situ modified urea formaldehyde resins were prepared from clay (montmorillonite) and organoclay in the presence of base catalyst. Different clay contents (1 wt%, 3 wt%, 6 wt%) were used to produce clay modified nanocomposite resins. These nanocomposites were characterized with FT-IR, XRD as structural analysis and DSC as thermal analysis and their hardness was evaluated as mechanical analysis. The thermal results was compatible with hardness measurements and showed that using clay/organoclay added resin as a surface coating material provides significant improvement.