Tectonic geomorphology of the Yatagan Fault (Mugla, SW Turkey): implications for quantifying vertical slip rates along active normal faults


Basmenji M., SANÇAR T., DİKBAŞ A., Boulton S. J. , Akyüz H. S.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, vol.30, no.4, pp.460-493, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/yer-2010-11
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.460-493

Abstract

South Western Anatolia is dominated by E-W and NW-SE trending active faults. The dip-slip Yatagan Fault is one of these active structures that trends in a NW direction for similar to 30 km. To assess the relative tectonic activity of the Yatagan Fault, two geomorphic segments were defined along the fault: the FS-1 (northern segment) and the FS-2 (southern segment). The vertical slip rate pattern of the fault was analyzed using steepness indexes, chi (chi) plots, and log-log slope area graphs. Results of the analyses indicate that the steepness of the streams draining the footwall reveal increasingly higher values downstream along the fault. All of the main basins contain at least one slope-break knickpoint associated with tectonic uplift. Facet morphology-based investigations using empirical methods along faceted spurs of the Yatagan Fault indicate vertical slip rates of 0.16 +/- 0.05 mm/year and 0.3 +/- 0.05 mm/year for the FS-1 and the FS-2, according to relationship of facet slope angle (R-sa). Additionally, using the facet basal height relationship (R-bh) we calculated slip rates of 0.24 mm/year and 0.36 mm/year for the FS-1 and the FS-2 segments, respectively. Mountain front sinuosity analysis yields values of 1.34 and 1.2, while the ratio of valley-floor width to valley height gives values of 0.64 and 0.24 for the FS-1 and the FS-2 respectively, indicating typical active mountain front where the uplift rates are >= 0.5 mm/year. Hypsometric analysis suggest a transition from mature to older stage for catchments along the Yatagan Fault. Comprehensive interpretation of the results from morphometric analysis, vertical slip rate calculations, and data based on field observations suggest preponderance of tectonic activity over erosional process along the Yatagan Fault. Our analyses reveal that the rate of the tectonic activity gradually increases from the FS-1 to the FS-2 along the fault.