Energy needs for drying of PAAm- kappa C composites prepared with various kappa C contents

Pekcan O., Evingur G. A.

E-POLYMERS, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Journal Name: E-POLYMERS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Various polyacrylamide (PAAm) - Kappa Carrageenan (kappa C) composite gels were prepared from acrylamide (AAm), N, N'- methylenebisacrylamide (BIS) and different kappa C contents by free radical crosslinking copolymerization in water. Pyranine (P) was introduced as a fluorescence probe, and scattered light, I-sc, and fluorescence intensities, I, from these gels were monitored during drying at different temperature. The fluorescence intensity of pyranine increased as drying time is increased for all samples. The behavior of I was quantified using the Stern-Volmer equation with moving boundary diffusion model. Desorption coefficient, D increased as temperature was increased for a given kappa C content. Supporting gravimetrical and volumetric experiments were also carried out during drying of PAAm-kappa C composite gels. The energy, Delta E values were measured for the drying processes for each kappa C content gel by using fluorescence, gravimetrical and volumetric methods, respectively. It is understood that Delta E values increase by increasing kappa C content, indicating that energy needs for the drying of high kappa C content gel is larger than low kappa C content gel.