Indoor Coverage Enhancement for RIS-Assisted Communication Systems: Practical Measurements and Efficient Grouping


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Kayraklik S., Yıldırım İ., Gevez Y., Basar E., Görçin A.

2023 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2023, Rome, Italy, 28 May - 01 June 2023, vol.2023-May, pp.485-490 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 2023-May
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/icc45041.2023.10278759
  • City: Rome
  • Country: Italy
  • Page Numbers: pp.485-490
  • Keywords: 6G, Reconfigurable intelligent surface, smart radio environment, software-defined radio
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-empowered communications represent exciting prospects as one of the promising technologies capable of meeting the requirements of the sixth generation networks such as low-latency, reliability, and dense connectivity. However, validation of test cases and real-world experiments of RISs are imperative to their practical viability. To this end, this paper presents a physical demonstration of an RIS-assisted communication system in an indoor environment in order to enhance the coverage by increasing the received signal power. We first analyze the performance of the RIS-assisted system for a set of different locations of the receiver and observe around 10 dB improvement in the received signal power by careful RIS phase adjustments. Then, we employ an efficient codebook design for RIS configurations to adjust the RIS states on the move without feedback channels. We also investigate the impact of an efficient grouping of RIS elements, whose objective is to reduce the training time needed to find the optimal RIS configuration. In our extensive experimental measurements, we demonstrate that with the proposed grouping scheme, training time is reduced from one-half to one-eighth by sacrificing only a few dBs in received signal power.