Diffusion and phase relaxations within the interphase domain of polymer blendlike particles


Pekcan O.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.59, no.3, pp.521-529, 1996 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.521-529

Abstract

A single-photon counting technique in conjunction with a direct energy transfer (DET) method was used to study the diffusion of small dye molecules within the interphase domain of anthracene (An)- and/or phenanthrane (Phe)-labeled poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) particles sterically stabilized by polyisobutylene (PIB). Mean lifetimes of fluorescing donor molecules were measured during diffusion. A Fickian model for diffusion was employed to fit the experimental data and diffusion coefficients were found to be around 10(-19) and 10(-16) cm(2)/s at room and above glass transition temperatures (T-g) for the corresponding samples, respectively. A reversed Gaussian distribution was detected for the PMMA phase density at the interphase domain. An increased amount of self-quenching of naphthalene (N) dyes labeled to the PMMA phase was investigated against annealing temperature above T-g and the results were attributed to phase relaxations at the interphase domain. (C) 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.