Textile-Based, Interdigital, Capacitive, Soft-Strain Sensor for Wearable Applications

Atalay Ö.

MATERIALS, vol.11, no.5, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/ma11050768
  • Title of Journal : MATERIALS
  • Keywords: wearable electronics, soft strain sensors, capacitive sensors, electronic textiles, conductive fabrics, silicone elastomer, HUMAN MOTION, TEMPERATURE, PRESSURE, SKIN


The electronic textile area has gained considerable attention due to its implementation of wearable devices, and soft sensors are the main components of these systems. In this paper, a new sensor design is presented to create stretchable, capacitance-based strain sensors for human motion tracking. This involves the use of stretchable, conductive-knit fabric within the silicone elastomer matrix, as interdigitated electrodes. While conductive fabric creates a secure conductive network for electrodes, a silicone-based matrix provides encapsulation and dimensional-stability to the structure. During the benchtop characterization, sensors show linear output, i.e., R-2 = 0.997, with high response time, i.e., 50 ms, and high resolution, i.e., 1.36%. Finally, movement of the knee joint during the different scenarios was successfully recorded.