Mersin University Journal of Maritime Faculty, no.1, pp.1-6, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Due to the increase in global transportation, companies are now focused on more efficient operation of their systems. In
the maritime sector, efficiency studies are carried out on ports which are the place of interaction of land and sea stages of
international transportation. Efficiency studies about ports have been carried out in many areas such as capacities of the
ports, hinterland, number of incoming and outgoing ships, processing times and handling quantities. Thence, the
companies saw the deficiencies in the ports and headed towards shortcomings and aimed to improve their ports efficiency.
In this study, the European (15) and Turkey (15) port efficiency was examined by analysis of two different modeling
methods. For the port efficiency, the length of the docks, the port depth, the terminal area and the amount of TEU
handled were taken into consideration in models. These data were utilized and evaluated separately in Data Envelopment
Analysis (DEA) and Hotelling T-square methods. Efficiency values of Europe and Turkey ports were examined with
DEA. It is concluded that European ports are used more efficiently than Turkish ports. Even the best Turkish port ranked
10th in the overall ranking. Next, Hotelling T-square analysis were utilized to find out reason of differences between
Europe and Turkeys ports.
Results show that almost all Turkey ports has lower efficiency values than European ports. In Turkey ports, it has reached
the conclusion that the utilization of terminal area and the quay length are not operating efficiently.