Stereoelectronic explanations for the mechanistic details of transimination and HF elimination reactions

Gokcan H., KONUKLAR F. A. S.

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR GRAPHICS & MODELLING, vol.51, pp.173-183, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The beta-fluoroamines are commonly used as substrate analogs to determine the mechanistic details of enzymatic reactions. Presence of fluorine atom gives rise to the alterations in the electronic profile and the pK(a) of molecules which results in mechanistic deviations. The fluorine-substituted mechanism-based substrate analogs are widely used in the inactivation of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes. The presence of fluorine atom also alters the sequence of reactions taking place in PLP-dependent enzymes where the HF elimination reaction appears in between the transimination and inactivation reactions. Despite the amount of the works on beta-fluoroamines, the effect of stereoelectronic differences on the transimination and HF elimination reactions taking place in PLP-dependent enzymes has not been investigated yet. A density functional theory study is conducted to elucidate mechanistic details of the reactions occurring in PLP-dependent enzymes. In order to understand the mechanistic insights of different isomers and the effect of the fluorine atom, 4-amino-3-fluorobutanoic acid (3-F-GABA) enantiomers are chosen to be investigated besides 4-aminobutanoic acid (GABA), which is the natural substrate for gamma-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase (GABA-AT). The investigated beta-fluoroamines are the experimentally proposed potential inhibitors of PLP-dependent enzyme GABA-AT. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.