Laplace, Einstein and Related Equations on D-General Warping


Bejan C. , Güler S.

Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics, vol.16, no.1, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00009-018-1283-9
  • Title of Journal : Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics

Abstract

© 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.A new concept, namely, D-general warping (M= M1× M2, g) , is introduced by extending some geometric notions defined by Blair and Tanno. Corresponding to a result of Tanno in almost contact metric geometry, an outcome in almost Hermitian context is provided here. On T∗M, the Riemann extension (introduced by Patterson and Walker) of the Levi–Civita connection on (M, g) is characterized. A Laplacian formula of g is obtained and the harmonicity of functions and forms on (M, g) is described. Some necessary and sufficient conditions for (M, g) to be Einstein, quasi-Einstein or η-Einstein are provided. The cases when the scalar (resp. sectional) curvature is positive or negative are investigated and an example is constructed. Some properties of (M, g) for being a gradient Ricci soliton are considered. In addition, D-general warpings which are space forms (resp. of quasi-constant sectional curvature in the sense of Boju, Popescu) are studied.