Feature Extraction and NN-based Enhanced Test Maneuver Deployment for 2 DoF Vehicle Simulator

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DEMİR U., AKGÜN G., AKÜNER M. C., Demirci B., AKGÜN Ö., Akıncı T. Ç.

IEEE Access, vol.11, pp.36218-36232, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/access.2023.3266326
  • Journal Name: IEEE Access
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.36218-36232
  • Keywords: Feature extraction, IoT, neural networks, system identification, vehicle simulator
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper presents a deployment method of various test maneuver scenarios for 2 degree of freedom (2 DoF) vehicle simulator by using feature extraction and neural networks (NN). A prototype version has been set up for the 2 DoF vehicle simulator. Then, a hardware in the loop (HIL) model with 2 inputs (torque, τ12) and 3 outputs (acceleration, ax-ay-az) is created. System identification is performed to obtain the training data of NNs to be used for the deployment of test maneuvers. In the system identification process, 2 arbitrary sinusoidal torque signals (τ12) are generated by using the actuator specs of the 2 DoF vehicle simulator. By applying the generated torque signals to the actuators, acceleration (ax-ay-az) data are collected from the inertial measurement sensor (IMU) on the 2 DoF vehicle simulator. It is determined to create 3 different NN models for the obtained data. The 1st NN model is trained with 3 inputs (ax-ay-az) and 2 targets (τ12) training data. The 2nd NN model is trained with 6 inputs (amplitudes and phases of ax-ay-az) and 2 targets (τ12) training data. The input data features for the 2nd NN model is extracted by using the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT). The 3rd NN model is trained with 6 inputs (amplitudes and phases of ax-ay-az) and 4 targets (amplitudes and phases of τ12) training data. For the 3rd NN model, the features of input and target data are extracted by using the FFT. The NN training process continues until acceptable performance criteria are reached. Then, 3 NN models are run and analyzed under various test scenarios such as Double Lane Change, Constant Radius, Increase Steer, Fish Hook, Sine with Dwell and Swept Sine. Only for the 3rd NN, the actuator signals (τ12) are recomposed by applying an inverse FFT process to the 4 targets (amplitudes and phases of τ12). Finally, the reference trajectory tracking performances are evaluated by comparing the NN models that are run under the test scenarios.