This study aims to modify alginate with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to reduce the release of oral protein in the acidic stomach environment and transport it to the colon medium. Bovine serum albumin (BSA), which was chosen as a model protein, was loaded into surfactant modified calcium alginate beads (SDS/Ca-Alg). The encapsulation efficiency of BSA in SDS/Ca-Alg beads was found significantly higher (96.3%) compared to that of beads without SDS. The most remarkable result is that protein release from the modified gel in the stomach environment was significantly reduced compared to protein release from the plain alginate gel. At the same time, the release time of the whole drug in the intestinal environment was significantly prolonged. The SDS-modified alginate beads are proposed as suitable carriers for the passage of orally taken protein-type drugs into the colon medium by preventing their degradation in acidic gastric fluid.