COMPARISON OF STOCK SELECTION METHODS: AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON THE BORSA ISTANBUL


Ozdemir A. S., Tokmakçıoğlu K.

International Journal of Business and Society, vol.23, no.2, pp.834-854, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.33736/ijbs.4841.2022
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Business and Society
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier
  • Page Numbers: pp.834-854
  • Keywords: artificial neural network, Borsa Istanbul, portfolio diversification, second order stochastic dominance, Stock selection
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. All rights reserved.This paper compares the performances of stock selection methods developed by artificial neural network (ANN), second order stochastic dominance (SSD), and Markowitz portfolio optimization by generating annual portfolios whose stocks are selected from several types of indexes traded in the Borsa Istanbul. Daily returns in SSD and Markowitz, and annual ratios in ANN models, are taken as inputs, with the following annual returns as outputs. By the perspective of stock selection literature, this study carries unique value for including comparisons of these methods with the purpose of generating portfolios with higher returns. Thus, two questions emerge: "Are these methods able to overcome losses during financial crises and bear or bull periods, and can they provide positive alpha?" Results indicate that average returns of portfolios generated by ANN are relatively higher than SSD and Markowitz, but all three models provide positive alpha over indexes. However, none of the models could overcome negative returns during economic crises.