Clustering dynamic PET images on the projection domain

Kamasak M. E., BAYRAKTAR B.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, vol.54, no.3, pp.496-503, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tns.2007.893325
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.496-503
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Segmentation of dynamic PET images is an important preprocessing step for kinetic parameter estimation. A single time activity curve (TAC) is extracted for each segmented region. This TAC is then used to estimate the kinetic parameters of the segmented region. Current methods perform this task in two independent steps; first dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) images are reconstructed from the projection data using conventional tomographic reconstruction methods, then the TAC of the pixels are clustered into a predetermined number of clusters. In this paper, we propose to cluster the regions of dynamic PET images directly on the projection data and simultaneously estimate the TAC of each cluster. This method does not require an intermediate step of tomographic reconstruction for each.time frame. Therefore, the dimensionality of the estimation problem is reduced. The proposed method is compared with image-domain clustering methods based on weighted least squares (WLS) and expectation maximization with Gaussian mixtures methods (GMM-EM). Iterative coordinate descent (ICD) is used to reconstruct the emission images required by these methods. Simulation results show that the proposed method can substantially decrease the number of mislabeled pixels and reduce the root mean squared error (RMSE) of the cluster TACs.