A four-dimensional lambda CDM-type cosmological model induced from higher dimensions using a kinematical constraint

Akarsu O., Dereli T.

GENERAL RELATIVITY AND GRAVITATION, vol.45, no.6, pp.1211-1226, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10714-013-1521-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1211-1226
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


A class of cosmological solutions of higher dimensional Einstein field equations with the energy-momentum tensor of a homogeneous, isotropic fluid as the source are considered with an anisotropic metric that includes the direct sum of a 3-dimensional (physical, flat) external space metric and an -dimensional (compact, flat) internal space metric. A simple kinematical constraint is postulated that correlates the expansion rates of the external and internal spaces in terms of a real parameter . A specific solution for which both the external and internal spaces expand at different rates is given analytically for . Assuming that the internal dimensions were at Planck length scales when the external space starts with a Big Bang (), they expand only 1.49 times and stay at Planck length scales even in the present age of the universe (13.7 Gyr). The effective four dimensional universe would exhibit a behavior consistent with our current understanding of the observed universe. It would start in a stiff fluid dominated phase and evolve through radiation dominated and pressureless matter dominated phases, eventually going into a de Sitter phase at late times.