Investigation of the microstructure, mechanical properties and cell viability of zirconia-toughened alumina composites reinforced with carbon nanotubes

Akın Karadayı İ.

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, vol.123, no.1437, pp.405-413, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 123 Issue: 1437
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.2109/jcersj2.123.405
  • Journal Name: Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.405-413
  • Keywords: Spark plasma sintering, Densification, Mechanical properties, Alumina, Carbon nanotube, FRACTURE-TOUGHNESS, MATRIX COMPOSITES, CERAMICS, NANOCOMPOSITES, GROWTH, FABRICATION, STRENGTH, AL2O3
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


©2015 The Ceramic Society of Japan. All rights reserved.The addition of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) to ceramic matrices can be utilized for special applications such as implant materials. In this study, zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) composites having 10, 20 and 30 vol % yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) with additions of 0.5, 1, and 2 wt % MWCNTs were prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 1400°C under 40 MPa for 5 min. Systematic investigation of the effects of CNT reinforcement on densification behavior, microstructure, mechanical properties (Vickers microhardness, indentation fracture toughness, and flexural strength) and biocompatibility (cell viability) of ZTA composites was performed. The results indicated that the mechanical properties of CNT reinforced alumina-based composites are strongly dependent on the amount and position of nanotubes in the microstructure and the strength of the cohesion of matrix grains and the nanotubes. Composites with 30 vol % YSZ and 0.5 wt % CNTs exhibited the highest Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and flexure strength with values of ∼18 GPa, 5.5 MPa·m1/2 and 590 MPa, respectively. In addition, preliminary biocompatibility tests indicated that the composites showed no cytotoxicity to human osteoblast cells.