The influence of polymer on flow behaviour of Balikesir, Turkey bentonite dispersions (2%, w/w) was studied for non-ionic polymer, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). In a range of 3-3 x 10(-6) - 3-3 x 10(5) mol/l, PVA was added to the bentonite dispersions in different concentrations and its behaviour was observed on rheology parameters. Thixotropy was detected by a hysteresis loop of the flow curves. The data were interpreted taking into account the interactions of colloidal clay particles, bentonitic clay concentrations, structure, and concentrations of added PVA. The particle size analysis was explained by surface orientation of PVA to the clay particles dispersed in aqueous solution. Zeta potential determination also emphasized that PVA molecules got attached on the face and edge surface of clay particles. The morphology of bentonite dispersions was analysed by scanning electron micrograph (SEM). FTIR studies carried out in parallel to rheology studies showed that hydrogen bonds were formed between surface of the clay, and absorbed PVA molecules and adsorbed water. The presence of PVA did not prevent extensive swelling of bentonite.