Timber-framed Houses Built for the Court Members after the 1894 Earthquake in Istanbul: Rationalization of Construction Techniques


Acar D., Mazlum D.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE, vol.10, no.5, pp.604-619, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15583058.2015.1045995
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
  • Page Numbers: pp.604-619
  • Keywords: 1894 Istanbul earthquake, industrialization, Ottoman archival sources, prefabrication, rationalization of construction techniques, timber-framed houses

Abstract

During the second half of the 19th century, Western European industrial achievements affected construction techniques in Istanbul. Ottoman archival documents reveal the usage of industrial materials and machine shaped timber elements, which brought the rationalization of traditional timber construction techniques. After the 1894 Istanbul earthquake, many post-earthquake timber-framed houses constructed as temporary shelters in the precincts of masonry mansions were rapidly built due to the rationalization in building techniques. Since there is not any inventory for the industrial materials and techniques used in the second half of the 19th century in Istanbul, their determination is of crucial importance in the process of conservation.